Factors To Consider Before Choosing The Irrigation System

Drip, flood and mechanized are all common types of irrigation that are used in agriculture. If you’re looking for the right irrigation supplies in Perth, it’s important to understand the benefits and drawbacks of each type in order to make the right decision for your fields. Before you decide on your method, you need to fully understand your field’s topography, soils, available water, and crop type. When you have a complete understanding of your field’s layout and composition, you’re ready to begin searching for the right method of irrigation and Perth irrigation supplies. Here we have mentioned five factors you need to consider before choosing the irrigation system for your crop.

Water Quality

All drip irrigation systems require some type of filtration. Overhead systems such as sprinklers seldom require filtration. Irrigation water should be tested for water borne pathogens. Depending on the crop grown and irrigation method used chlorine injection may be required. Other water quality issues that may be of a concern include levels of soluble iron and other dissolved minerals.

Type Of Crops Grown

Sprinkler and drip systems can require high levels of investment. So choose the right irrigation supplies. For this reason, it’s better to reserve their use for high-value crops like vegetables, small fruits and orchard crops rather than applying them to commodity crops like wheat and soybeans.

Local Weather Patterns

For example, sprinklers are less desirable in areas where high winds are common and in arid areas with a low humidity since water losses due to evaporation can be extremely high. Drip irrigation works well in both of these situations.

Land Topography

In particular, hilly or sloping land can be a challenge. Drip irrigation works well if the laterals can be run along topographic lines. System run times may need to be adjusted to prevent runoff. Travelers and center pivot systems are usually out of the question on hilly and severely sloping land. So make sure to find the right irrigation supplies in Perth for your need.

Soil Type

The type of soil in an area can affect not only the type irrigation method used but also the irrigation run times. Sandy soils typically require frequent applications of water at a high rate to keep moisture in the root zone. Tighter clay soils can hold moisture longer that sandy soils, but may require frequent applications at a lower rate to prevent runoff.

Knowing which approach will work best in your situation requires knowing something about the options available and the factors to consider before choosing one. Considering the above mentioned factors could help you make the right decision.